APRIL, 2022

How Mechanoreceptors Work in the Skin

Mechanoreceptors are a big component behind the brain and body being able to perceive touch.

Mechanoreceptors are sensory receptors in the skin. inHarmony vibroacoustic therapy stimulates the skin, nervous system, and brain.

Important Frequencies

With the help of electroencephalography (EEG), which was developed by Hans Berger in the early 1900s, we were able to discover that the brain has its own frequencies as well. In fact, there are five different kinds of waves that the brain emits during different stages of consciousness, focus, and relaxation:

Gamma: >40 Hz. Present during times of unusually high-level information processing and while gaining insight.
Beta: 14-40 Hz. Present during times of moderately sustained focus and while using reasoning abilities and logic.
Alpha: 7.5-14 Hz. Present when you are relaxed and your mind can rest/wander.
Theta: 4-7.5 Hz. Present during light meditation, REM sleep (dreams), and very deep relaxation.
Delta: 0.5-4 Hz. Present during deep, dreamless sleep and in very deep and sustained meditation.

The human body also has its own frequency. Several studies show that the body’s average resonant frequency is right around 10 Hz, with some research showing that it may be closer to 12 Hz.

Thanks to the thousands of lightning storms that rage around the planet at all times, the Earth has a “repeating atmospheric heartbeat,” known as the Schumann Resonance. This is an extremely low-frequency wave (ELF) that remains around 10 Hz and can go as low as ~8 Hz.

Skin Sensory Receptors

Mechanoreceptors are a big component behind the brain and body being able to perceive touch, but aside from this small piece of information, many people are unfamiliar with mechanoreceptors and how they work. In brief, mechanoreceptors are sensory receptors in the skin. They relay skin stimulation to the nervous system and brain through mechanically gated ion channels.

This means that depending on the type of touch we feel, certain mechanoreceptors tell our brains what we’re experiencing to help us make sense of our world. Let us cover information about the types of mechanoreceptors, their individual mechanisms of action, and examples of touch sensations each mechanoreceptor type is responsible for.

"This is a great way to battle stress, calm the body and the brain, and bring yourself back
into harmony."

- Craig Golberg

Why Does Frequency Matter?

There is evidence that interference from electromagnetic fields may have several adverse effects on our health and well-being.

This includes both natural electromagnetic fields, which have been proven through studying circadian rhythms to affect human beings, as well as artificially made electromagnetic fields produced by the electric grid, technology, telecommunication, etc.

This is especially true for people that work closely with electromagnetic radiation for a long period of time. Long-term exposure may cause psychological changes, genetic effects, and reduced immune function.

The Earth, the human body, and the relaxed brain all display very similar frequencies一at least they’re supposed to. This is why it’s important to bring the mind and the body back to ~10 Hz as often as possible. Realigning yourself and harmonizing your body and brain with the resonant frequency of the Earth can help you stay healthy both mentally and physically.

Using Meditation To Achieve Harmony

The good news is that the brain often cannot tell the difference between reality, visualization, and dreams. This is why you might blush or notice an elevated heart rate when you remember (or imagine) an embarrassing or shameful moment, and why you can wake up from a dream laughing or crying as if you had truly experienced the events created by your sleeping mind.

This is what makes meditation and visualization such powerful tools. Meditation, mindfulness, breathing exercises, and visualization can lead to brainwaves of a lower frequency, which helps us realign ourselves with both our bodies and the Earth. This is a great way to battle stress, calm the body and the brain, and bring yourself back into harmony.

Getting Started With Meditation

There are many different ways to meditate, and there are some easy tips and tricks that you can put into practice today to help improve your experience, such as breathwork and brain training.

The goal is to quiet the mind, bring yourself back to the present moment, and intentionally alter the state of your brainwaves. This can provide a break from the stressors of daily life and help you gain more control over your own mind. In terms of aligning frequencies, consistent meditation practice may also help you maintain good health and well-being in the long run.

Tech-assisted meditation can also be beneficial to people who wish to enhance their meditation practice. Vibroacoustic therapy mixes vibration and sound and is based on the above principles about how different frequencies have different effects on human health and wellness. InHarmony’s products use vibroacoustic technology to help you reach a deeper meditative state and stay in it for longer. This allows you to get the most you possibly can out of your meditation practice.

In Review

Everything in the universe is in constant movement and all matter has its own frequency. The various electromagnetic fields on Earth can have adverse effects on our physical and mental health, especially over time. Meditation, mindfulness, and visualization can help bring our brains and bodies back into alignment with the resonant frequency of the Earth.

The best way of doing this is by being consistent in your meditation and mindfulness practice and continuing to learn about how you can elevate your experience.

"There are approximately 17,000 mechanoreceptors in each one of your hands. The next time you wash your hands, notice these sensors kicking in and feel each drop as it touches your skin and focus on your breathing."

- Craig Golberg

Types of Mechanoreceptors

There are four types of mechanoreceptors in the skin: Meissner’s corpuscles, Pacinian corpuscles, Merkel’s disks, and Ruffini’s corpuscles. Each of these types allow individuals to experience touch, pressure, the stretching of skin, motion, and sound waves to varying degrees. However, each of the four types has its own function and responds to its own form of stimulation. Without one type of receptor, human beings would lack the ability to feel certain sensations.

Meissner’s Corpuscles

Meissner’s corpuscles are the receptors responsible for detecting movement across the surface of the skin. They are located close to the skin’s surface (dermis) but they extend into the epidermis as well. As such, they are highly sensitive when it comes to detecting touch and very low-frequency vibrations.

Meissner’s corpuscles are responsible for helping individuals learn the texture of objects, detecting whether they are touching rough or smooth surfaces. They also help humans avoid dropping an item by detecting when it’s slipping from our grip.

This receptor type accounts for about 40% of mechanoreception.

Pacinian Corpuscles

Pacinian corpuscles perceive pressure on the skin and various internal organs. Each receptor present in the skin and/or organs connects to a sensory neuron. Pressing on this type of receptor will send a pressure impulse through the nerves and into the brain, telling an individual that pressure is being placed on a given area.

These mechanoreceptors allow the hands to properly use tools, like hammering in a nail, writing with a pen, or cutting up food with a knife and fork.

Pacinian corpuscles account for between 10-15% of mechanoreception.

Merkel’s Disks

Merkel’s disks are located near the base of the epidermis and they’re responsible for perceiving light (discriminative) touch. These disks are bountiful throughout the sensory system, though they are most densely distributed in the fingertips and lips of both humans and primates.

Merkel’s disks are responsible for determining an object’s location and detecting edges of objects. Thanks to Merkel’s discs, human beings are capable of playing piano, creating beaded jewelry, and enabling the blind to read Braille.

Merkel’s disks account for about 25% of mechanoreception.

Ruffini’s Corpuscles

Ruffini’s corpuscles detect when the skin stretches and allow human hands to grip objects. They control how tight we hold onto things.

They’re also responsible for detecting warmth, though these corpuscles are deeper in the skin than the body’s cold receptors. The position of warm-detecting corpuscles is responsible for the fact that human beings can detect cold earlier than they can detect warmth.

Take, for example, touching ice or placing your hand into cold water. The response to the cold is almost immediate. Now consider times that you have accidentally picked up a hot cup from the microwave. At times, you may have picked the cup up before your skin has had time to realize that touching it is burning your hand, causing you to drop the object.

Ruffini’s corpuscles make up about 20% of mechanoreceptors.

Mechanoreceptors: Sound and Vibration

  • The primary mechanoreceptors that allow the human body to feel vibrations are both the Meissner and Pacinian corpuscles. These two mechanoreceptor types are the most sensitive to observing and making sense of vibrational stimulation.

    Additionally, because sound exists in a vibrating wave, it’s also possible for mechanoreceptors to perceive sound.

    While the inner workings of our ears are the key to observing and understanding sound, our skins are able to perceive the vibrations of soundwaves as well.

Can you feel the music?

  • If you’re listening to music at a certain volume or with a high level of bass, you may notice that you can “feel” the music in your body. If you place your fingertips against your throat while humming, you may feel the vibrations of the sound you’re making.

    This response is your mechanoreceptors detecting vibrations, and by extension, sound. Because your sensory receptors are able to detect vibrations and send signals to the brain to make sense of these sensations, it stands to reason that certain vibrations can trigger positive impulses in the mind and body.

In Review

In essence, this is how sound therapies work. The ears hear the sound and the body helps determine whether these sounds are perceived as a positive or negative experience. Listening to soft, meditative music or tones can help relax the body and ease an anxious mind, while harsher, more erratic tones (like workout music) can help the body make use of energy.

Thanks to mechanoreceptors, sound and vibration can be an excellent tool when it comes to improving mood, energy levels, and a general sense of wellbeing.

Craig Goldberg, Co-Founder, inHarmony Interactive